A Brief History of the Library
The existence of the Library of Universitas Negeri Padang (UNP) is inseparable from the history of the development of its institution. Universitas Negeri Padang begins with the establishment of the Teacher Education College (PTPG) in Batusangkar based on the Decree of the Minister of P and K, Prof. M. Yamin, S.H., dated October 23, 1954. Since then, the Library of UNP (PTPG’s Library) has also begun to be built with very simple conditions with the aim to complete the requirements of a college. The library is built with limited collection facilities without having Librarian staff or the one who do not have formal education on librarian.
On its development, the integration of PTPG to Universitas Andalas (UNAND) based on Government Regulation Number 24 on 1956, with the name of the Teaching and Education Faculty (FKIP) was also contributed to the change in the Library of PTPG Batusangkar. Starting on September 1, 1956 the Library of PTPG was changed to the Library of FKIP UNAND which is located at the Pondok Area. With the integration of all of B1 Programs in West Sumatera province (B1 of English in Bukittinggi, B1 of Science, Commerce, Indonesian Language, and Physical Education in Padang) to FKIP of UNAND in 1961, the Library was also growing. During the period of 1958-1964, the Library of FKIP UNAND occupied a room measuring 8 x 12 meters with a collection of 2000 copies and 3 library staff (librarians) under the leadership of Mr. Ang Le Kwang as head of the Library. The Library of FKIP UNAND period was ended in 1964 along with the change in the status of the FKIP UNAND to the Jakarta Teachers' and Educational Sciences Institute (IKIP Jakarta) of Padang branch.
Based on PTIP's Minister Decree Number 162 of 1965, as of August 30, 1965, the Padang Branch of IKIP changed its status to IKIP Padang which consisted of 5 faculties. Along with this changed, the Library of IKIP Padang also experienced significant development. In the period of 1966 to 1971, the Library occupied a special room with a size of approximately 200 m2, with a collection of around 3000 copies and 9 librarians. At this time it was headed by Drs. Thamrin Thalaud.
In 1971, the Library of IKIP Padang was moved to a permanent building with 2 floors located in the Faculty of Social Sciences which is around the location of the Computer Center nowadays. With a building area of around 200 m2, the library has a 320 collection with a total of 3,600 copies and 16 Librarian staff. Till 1973, the Library was still headed by Drs. Thamrin Thalaud who was later replaced by Drs. Barhaya Ali (1974-1975) and then continued by Drs. Zainuddin H.R. Lenggang until 1993.
During the leadership of Drs. Zainuddin HRL, precisely in 1980, the Library of IKIP Padang occupied a new building with 2 floors in a size of 1,630 m2. The utilization of this building was inaugurated by the Minister of Education and Culture, Dr. Daoed Yoesoef, on March 19, 1986. The Library then also received an additional building with size of 600 m2. Both of these buildings are now occupied by the Postgraduate Program and the Master of Management Program.
On this period, the Library experienced a very rapid development both in terms of collections, facilities, and human resources. During the period of 1980-1994, the collection of the Library of IKIP Padang reached 31,380 titles with 159,848 copies. This collection consists not only of textbooks but also journals, magazines, newspapers, video and audio cassettes, microvis, micro films, and television sets with satellite dishes. From the 80 of library staff, 32 were appointed as librarian functional officials. Meanwhile, the 3 of its was sent to attend an education at the master's degree (S2) program both local and abroad, and other were attended further education programs for undergraduates and diplomas at several universities in Java. In addition, almost all of librarians have the opportunity to take part in librarian training on local, regional, and also national levels.
In August 1994, the Library of IKIP Padang was moved to a five-story building with a size of 5,000 m3 which was occupied until now. The utilization of this building was inaugurated by the Minister of Education and Culture, Dr. Wardiman Djayonegoro, on June 9, 1995.
At this time, the collection of the Library of IKIP Padang has reached 33,320 titles with the number of text books around 161,068 copies, 150 titles of periodicals, 35 titles of newspapers and tabloids, 587 titles of audio cassettes, 55 titles of video cassettes, 3 titles of documentary film, 7 titles of slide, and 8039 of microfis sheets (ERIC-USA). In this period, Library also began to automate the collection of catalog.
In the period of 1993-1997, the Library of IKIP Padang was headed by Drs. Barhaya Ali, MLS, who is also led 82 librarians. On this time, the Library of IKIP Padang had 3 librarians with master qualifications for Library and Information Science, 1 scholar for library science, 2 scholars and plus for library science, and 6 diplomas for library science diplomas. There was also significant increase in collections that increased through various project funding sources.
In the period of 1997-1999, the Library of IKIP Padang was headed by Dra. Gusmar Bahar, the first senior librarian who is trusted to lead the Library of IKIP Padang. Various changes, especially internal arrangements are continued to be carried out, including organizational improvements. On this period, the Library also still send their librarians to study further such as into diploma (D3), undergraduate (S1), and master (S2) programs. The additions to the collection are also continuing to be made with using various sources of funds.
As long as time goes on, along with the change of IKIP Padang to Universitas Negeri Padang, the Library of IKIP Padang also changed its names to the Library of UNP. During the period of 1999-2002, the Library was headed by Dr. Maizuar, M.Pd. At this time, the Library experienced an increase in the use of information technology, such as an online public access catalog (OPAC) which installed in the form of a local network (LAN) with 8 terminals that spread from the 1st to 5th floor. During this time, the Library also has begun to use the internet on 12 computer units which is used by students. Another milestone that was achieved by the Library is the increasing of the cooperation with other institutions, such as PDII-LIPI, the Library of Mahaputra Muhammad Yamin, and others.
In the period of 2002-2008, the Library of UNP was headed by Drs. Yunaldi, M.Si, a senior librarian who was also alumni of Universitas Indonesia. The priority on librarian development is directed to various sectors such as structuring the library management system, strengthening the basis of information technology, developing human resources, optimizing financial resources and the welfare of librarians, in order to enter the era of global information. During this time, the Library began on developing Student Service Centers (SSC) which took placed on the ground floor. SSC was expected to be able to serve the various needs of students, lecturers, and employees.
In addition, the collection of Library is continued to be going improved by using various funding sources such as, DIP and DIKS which are directed to new study programs. For the resource development, the sense of quality and quantity are continued to be improved by sending librarians to conduct further education and also by holding recruitment for new librarians with educational background for library and information science.
In the period of 2008-2013, the Library of UNP was headed by Drs. Sutarman Karim, M.Sc. At this time, the development of the Library was prioritized on the implementation of information technology in all lines. Ranging from circulation services to the management of KKI, everything was done by computer system. On this period, all collections which are coming from the academic community in the form of Final Projects, Thesis, Dissertation, and Research are accepted in the form of softcopy. The quality of human resources is also continued to improve through the training, internships, further education, and seminars. The period of 2014-2018 was led by Drs. Yunaldi, M.Sc.